Thursday, February 01, 2001

1991-2001 Big Cat Attacks

The Plain Dealer


March 28, 2001 Wednesday
When it's best to leave an animal in the wild

Baby animals may be cute and cuddly, but exotic and wild species don't make good pets. And confinement is usually not in the best interest of the animal.

In 1983, a 250-pound, 16-month-old pet tiger chased a 2-year-old boy through the family's home and fatally mauled him. The boy's father was indicted by a grand jury but later cleared of wrongdoing because, at that time, no law prohibited keeping exotic animals in that county. The tiger, Solomon, which had been raised as a pet since it was 3 months old, was destroyed.

That boy was Jason Studebaker. His father is Lorenza Pearson of Copley Township, the man from whom Jim Burnette of Olmsted Township acquired another tiger, this one named Tigger.

Tigger mauled and nearly killed a volunteer worker on Burnette's farm last week. Now the 3-year-old tiger will spend his days at a big-cat refuge in Indiana.

In Ohio, a person is not required to have a permit to keep exotic animals unless they are to be on public display or used in a breeding program.

A state law does require a permit for keeping native wild animals, such as black bears, raccoons, skunks and opossums. But no law in Ohio specifies cage size or strength, other requirements for the animals' maintenance, recommended vet care or nutritional needs.

In Burnette's case, Tigger's care was monitored - by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Burnette is considered an exhibitor of animals under the Animal Welfare Act. He also has a black bear, which requires a permit from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

But spokesmen for the zoo and the Ohio Department of Natural Resources agree that laws concerning the care of wild and exotic animals need to be strengthened.

"Wild animals don't make good pets, whether indigenous or not," said James Petrasek, a legal spokesman for the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. "When the animals reach sexual maturity, they may be difficult to handle. Most people don't realize how strong they are."

And they are expensive to feed. A male tiger weighing 500 pounds will eat 10 or more pounds of meat a day. The animals also need space to run and exercise.

Bill Beagle, another spokesman for the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, recalled a black bear that was kept in an abandoned car. Petrasek, who cited instances in which wild animals are being adequately maintained, knew of a black bear that was chained to a corncrib. Joel Porath, assistant wildlife supervisor for the department, remembered a case last year in which a bear was chained to a tree. It escaped three times in one year.

Some exotic animals are exploited in public exhibitions. They wrestle with humans or pose for pictures with people.

And a lot of wild and exotic animals have been shuffled from person to person because they have become problems, said Alan Sironen, curator of mammals at the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo.

"Animals are intelligent," he said. "They need animals of their kind and attention. Most people just want one, and that is a psychological problem for the animal."

Beagle said his office sometimes gets calls about piranhas in the Cuyahoga River. Apparently they were bought as pets, then dumped when the owners tired of them, he said. The piranha is a tropical species that cannot survive Ohio winters outdoors.

Steve Taylor, director of the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, estimated that about 1,000 "big cats" live in Ohio, and only 20 are in the five accredited zoos in the state.

The District 3 office of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, which covers Cleveland and Akron, issues 1,500 to 1,800 permits for native wildlife annually. The permits are for bears and bobcats, as well as for raccoons and anything else that is native to the state. The animals may not be taken from the wild but may be purchased from commercial breeders.

Often people think when an exotic animal outgrows its home, the zoo will take it. This is not true, Sironen said.

"We don't have the space, and we don't know the breeding and genetics behind such animals," he said. "Sometimes pets don't adjust well to zoos.

"Owning animals is work, whether it's a cat, dog or something else."

Marty Rosen of the Northern Ohio Society of Herpetologists said too often people buy iguanas, snakes and other reptiles without having a clue as to their nutritional and habitat needs. The reptile can end up suffering.

And an adult reptile such as an iguana can cause harm. Slapping its tail, a 5-foot to 6-foot adult can break a finger.

"There is so much wildlife in Ohio," Petrasek said. "If they go out and take their binoculars, they can see wild animals all the time. They don't have to keep them in cages."

E-mail: shively@plaind.com Phone: 216-999-4554 USA TODAY
September 22, 1995
Lions on the loose shot dead

By: Tom Curley; Carol J. Castaneda

A police posse aided by a helicopter with a heat-sensing device tracked and killed 15 pet tigers and lions Thursday after they bolted from an animal "shantytown" in southeastern Idaho.

The cats, some weighing up to 500 pounds, escaped Wednesday from a private compound near the tiny tourist town of Lava Hot Springs.

The escape prompted many of the town's 420 residents to remain indoors, and the elementary school was closed for fear children would be attacked while waiting at bus stops. Beyond the town's borders, the incident raised doubt about the wisdom of allowing private ownership of wild animals with little or no government oversight.

The cats that escaped were "the size of Shetland ponies with big teeth," said Harry Morse of the Idaho Department of Fish and Game.

Lava Hot Springs resident Katherine Howell, 58, took no chances when she went to work Thursday morning.

"I've got a gun in my purse," said Howell, who works at the hot water springs, which draw about 250,000 tourists a year.

More than 50 sheriff's deputies, SWAT team members and sharpshooters tracked the adult cats with the help of the helicopter. One lion, surprising a game officer, took a springing leap before being shot dead.

Morse said the cats were killed because the deputies didn't have tranquilizer guns. "They feel terrible about having to kill the animals."

The only injuries reported were to the animals' owners, Robert Fieber and Dotti Martin, who were mauled as the cats escaped. They were taken to the Pocatello Regional Medical Center, treated for injuries and released.

The couple, who were unavailable for comment, had as many as 50 African lions, tigers and cross-bred cats in a smelly, rundown compound on the outskirts of Lava Hot Springs. They also raise wolf hybrids.

The compound, known as Ligertown Game Farm Inc., has long been a local eyesore, said resident Paul Miller. "It's just about as bad as any shantytown you've seen on television in South Africa," said Miller.

Local officials said Fieber has a history of run-ins with game officials in Oregon and Idaho over his exotic pets. Police said the couple could face charges over the escape, but wouldn't elaborate.

The animals were being held in a multi-cage compound, enclosed by corrugated aluminum and fencing that ranged from 6 to 10 feet tall. The cats apparently escaped by jumping on a pen and leaping over a fence.

Even before the escape the compound had come to the attention of officials at the U.S. Humane Society.

Richard Farinato, director of captive wildlife protection for the society, said there may be hundreds of backyard zoos across the country, some open to the public. The compound run by Fieber and Martin was not.

"They're all wild animals no matter how you treat them," said Farinato.

Most of the wildlife compounds, if regulated, come under the jurisdiction of county or municipal law. "There are no federal laws that prohibit the keeping of wildlife unless they are endangered species. These were not," Farinato said.



The Plain Dealer
May 30, 1995 Tuesday, FINAL / ALL
TIPPED TRAILER FREES PET TIGER IN MICHIGAN

BY: FROM WIRE REPORTS

An 11-month-old tiger named Duke led police and zoo officials on a four-hour hunt through woods after he escaped from an overturned trailer.

Duke made his dash after a vehicle carrying six lions and tigers overturned Sunday morning alongside Interstate 96, witnesses said. Novi is about 23 miles northwest of Detroit. The big cats were being transported in a trailer hitched to a van belonging to Curious Critters, said state police Sgt. John Moore. The organization rescues wild animals from people who keep them domestically.

The animals were rounded up immediately, except for Duke. Duke, who had been declawed, was described as "very docile."

A Detroit Zoo official shot Duke with a tranquilizer gun before he was loaded into a truck.



The Dayton Daily News
February 4, 1994 FRIDAY,


PET TIGER ESCAPES AGAIN, IS RECAPTURED PEACEFULLY

BY: Janette Rodrigues, DAYTON DAILY NEWS

Remember Shere Khan, the traveling tiger that got loose last summer?

Well, he was at it again.

The Bengal-Siberian tiger mix created a stir at a Dayton garage Thursday after he was spooked by a nearby fire. The cat jumped through the broken window of the trailer where he was being kept temporarily and went for a short walk down a country road.

Last summer, a Dayton police officer sweet-talked Shere Khan into the back seat of his cruiser after the cat escaped from a horse trailer.

Shere Khan's owner, Rickey Dukes, said he was taking the tiger from Cincinnati to his Xenia farm when the bus he was driving experienced transmission trouble.

He stopped at Waker Hauling, 2710 Vance Road, when fire broke out in a garage at 5:49 p.m. A worker moved the cat from the bus to the trailer to get it away from the fire. The tiger then broke out of the trailer.

Dayton firefighters arrived, keeping one eye on the fire and the other on the cat.

"We didn't know about the tiger when we got here," fire Capt. Larry Plyman said. He told firefighters to stay close to their trucks.

Dukes said the now-550 pound feline traveled about 100 yards down the road before being caught.

"It went to the car, which he knows, and laid down," said Dukes, who said he led the tiger to a van.
Orlando Sentinel Tribune
October 12, 1992 Monday, 3 STAR
PET TIGER REMAINS AT LARGE IN OREGON COUNTRYSIDE

A runaway pet Bengal tiger eluded search parties Saturday despite a few sightings and the help of a National Guard helicopter. The 300-pound cat was raised by humans and has been declawed. Authorities doubted it would threaten people, but a woman said her dog was left bloody after tangling with it. Authorities have cautioned parents to keep a close watch on children playing outdoors until the cat is captured. The tiger escaped Thursday from a cage in nearby Grants Pass.



UK Newsquest Regional Press - This is Wiltshire
March 25, 2002
Is a panther on the prowl? .

BY: Wantage staff reporter

A TRAIL of mauled animals has led to more claims about a ferocious mystery creature roaming near Swindon.

In February, Minety farmer Peter Scott reported that a large animal had killed and maimed his sheep, leaving five of them dead.

In the latest incident a Baydon farmer left a dead pig in his farmyard overnight, to find it had been stripped to the bone the next morning.

He told police the attack had all the hallmarks of a big cat attack.

Since 1991 more than 40 sightings of what people have described as a large black cat have been made in villages around North Wiltshire, including Crudwell, Oaksey, Charlton, Lea, Little Somerford, Brinkworth and Dauntsey.

Another sighting in Long Charlton, by a mother and daughter in November 1996, also backs up theory.

They said they were driving along and saw a huge black cat in the road, so they stopped. It was the biggest cat they had ever seen.

Terry Hooper runs the Bristol based Exotic Animals Register, which logs these sightings. He said: "They are almost definitely big cats such as panthers and lynxes.

"The police have been taking the reports of these animals very seriously, and have logged at least 30 sightings.

"We know panthers have been in the Wiltshire area as we have done DNA tests on their hair and droppings which confirm this.

"We have had recent reports of baby lynxes in the Pewsey area.

"Until 1976 there was no legislation to regulate the keeping of large animals, so after this people who kept private zoos and menageries just let them go.

"Recent sightings of these animals are probably sixth or seventh generation."

Terry, who has been logging big cat sightings since 1975, believes they present no risk to human life.

"If someone confronts one they should simply walk slowly backwards, but the animal will probably run off anyway. You should not panic and run away screaming, as this is what their prey would do and they would be bound to attack."

An RSPCA spokesman said: "We have known of cat owners who bought pumas and leopards as kittens and have underestimated their size and appetite when they are fully grown.

"When they realise they cannot look after them they have simply taken them to a forest and let them go. The animals are natural predators and have attacked sheep, cows and foxes in order to survive."

Former Malmesbury WPC Liz Ashworth said: "I went up to a case involving a still born calf, which was dragged yards across a field and eaten. The vet called the police as he couldn't think of any animal that could do that, not even a pack of foxes."

Anyone who sees a big mystery cat should call Terry Hooper on 0117 902 4807 or the Advertiser newsdesk on Swindon 528144.



The Sunday Herald
January 20, 2002

'Whatever it was I don't know. But this was no pussycat'; They were once dismissed as myth, the products of vivid imaginations. Now, with the latest mauling of a woman, there are fears that a growing number of big cats are roaming wild in Scotland

BY: By Alan Crawford Highland Correspondent

It was black as pitch by the time Doris Moore finished attending to her horses. A bitter cold had descended on the Aberdeenshire countryside and she was treading carefully over the 20 yards of ice from the steading to her car when she felt a tugging at the bottom of her trousers.

"I just heard this 'whoosh' and something got hold of the straps around my ski -pants and ripped them. It jumped on me just as I opened the car door and plunged its teeth into my leg. Oh my God, the pain was excruciating. I was hitting it with my keys, I just had to get it off," she recalled last week, still visibly shaken by the experience.

Emotional scars are not the only reminder she has of the incident - an angry bruise and three distinct puncture marks - each some 10cm apart - on her upper thigh are a more tangible legacy of her encounter with the mystery animal lurking in the dark. "Whatever it was, I don't know," she added, as she fidgeted nervously in the front room of her cottage. "But this was no pussycat." In those few brief seconds of last Friday night Moore, of Craigieford, near Insch, became the latest convert, albeit an unwilling one, to the cult of the big cat.

Reports abound over the last 10 years or so of at least one big cat stalking rural Aberdeenshire. Descriptions of its appearance tally - black and sleek, the size of a labrador but leaner and definitely cat-like, with long whiskers and a longer tail.

So prevalent are reports of sightings and of slaughtered sheep, that in the mid -1990s it was even given a name, the Beast of Bennachie, after the distinctive hill that dominates the part of Donside in which the cat is invariably spotted.

What differentiates Moore's experience from other reports is that she was attacked, giving her the dubious accolade of witnessing first-hand the only such incident in Scotland.

The attack has prompted the SNP MSP for north-east Scotland, Richard Lochhead, to request an investigation into the growing phenomenon of big cats be ordered by rural development minister Ross Finnie.

"Big cats are being sighted on a regular basis within a particular geographical area," he said. "Surely some resources have to be dedicated to find out what is actually out there, not only to put the public's mind at ease but to further our knowledge of Scotland's wildlife."

Moore would like nothing more than to be put at ease. She says she has been widely ridiculed for her account, even though it has been backed up by her elderly neighbour, Wilfred Simpson, who was with her that night.

He described "a sleek, black beastie" that disappeared around the corner of the stables. "She has been quite badly affected by the attack. I think she's scared to go out on her own," he said.

Moore is not alone in her belief that she witnessed a big cat. Across the UK, people have reported sightings of animals variously labelled as puma, leopard, panther or lynx.

Last May a big cat was spotted prowling on open land near Torphins in Aberdeenshire, followed by sightings the same week on the outskirts of Aberdeen. The following month, an Inverness engineer working in woods near Huntly spotted a large, puma-like animal with a long tail that curled at the tip.

The issue was even raised in the House of Commons in 1997, when Alex Salmond informed the then Scottish Secretary, Michael Forsyth, of big cat attacks on farm animals in his Buchan constituency. Phil Gallie has written to justice minister Jim Wallace on behalf a constituent concerned about big cat sightings in Ayrshire.

Elsewhere, mountain rescue teams have reported seeing large cat tracks in the snow, while gamekeepers have taken pot shots at big cats. A puma was even captured at Cannich near Inverness in 1980.

Tame and refusing to eat anything other than cat food, the puma, later named Felicity, lived out her days at a wildlife park. She can now be seen stuffed in Inverness museum.

The case of Felicity points to one explanation for the rise of sightings of cat -like beasts. Spokeswoman the Scottish Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SSPCA) Doreen Graham traces the phenomenon back to legislation introduced in the 1970s.

"Up until 1976 you could have kept a puma or a lion, but then the government introduced the Dangerous Wild Animals Act, which stated that you had to meet certain requirements on cages and so on. A lot of owners decided that was going to be expensive and turfed their pets out.

"If we have big cats - and I believe we do - then you are looking at the second generation, and I believe they're breeding," she warned.

Interbreeding is the genesis of one possible candidate for the "beast", the Kellas cat, named after the Morayshire village where it was first sighted, and also known as the cait sith or fairy cat.

Jet black and growing to the size of a labrador, the Kellas is the result of hybridisation between native wildcats and feral cats. Elgin museum has a fine example, stuffed.

Moore, who has seen Kellas cats, insists that it was not one of their number that attacked her. However, Allan Paul, who looks after four wildcats at his home in Morayshire, says it is very possible that larger beasts released into the wild may be interbreeding with wildcats, Kellas or even feral cats, producing some form of unidentified hybrid.

Experts meanwhile point out that big cats usually patrol territory of some 50 to 70 square miles, which suggests that the "absolutely pure black, sleek" cat seen by artist Karen Emslie in 1995, less than 10 miles from Insch, may just be the same beast that attacked Moore.

"It was dark but I saw it straight away as I drove round the corner. I got a really clear view of it," said Emslie, who now lives in Shetland. "It was long rather than tall, it was the size of a Labrador but definitely longer and cat -shaped. It had a cat head with whiskers. There was no mistaking it for anything else."

Emslie's experience is typical. Alone and without a camera to hand, it is impossible for her to verify her story. Scepticism abounds, yet even the police agree there's something out there.

Grampian Police have had 22 reported sightings of large cats since May 2000, although they reckon just 20% of sightings are reported. "The fact we're getting a number of sightings would suggest there is something, and we wouldn't be the only force that's getting this information," said wildlife liaison officer with Grampian, Dave Mackinnon.

One such witness is Philip Crosby, an internal auditor with Shell in Aberdeen. Crosby is a member of an organisation established last summer called Scottish Big Cats, which is attempting to approach the mystery on a scientific basis, cataloguing incidents and rigorously combing the scant details for conclusive proof.

With two sightings near his Aber-deenshire home already under his belt, Crosby and the Big Cat team maintain large cats, in particular lynx, puma and possibly leopard, could easily live in the remote glens and forests of Aberdeenshire without being seen more often, living off rabbits and smaller deer.

Geese might also prove tasty, accor-ding to Dr Ranald Munro, head of pathology for the Veterinary Laboratory Agency, based in Edinburgh. He has studied numerous carcasses of animals supposedly killed by big cats. All bar one have turned out to be victims of foxes or dogs.

The exception was a goose from a smallholding in Essex, which he examined in 1998. He found the injury to the chest to be "absolutely like a large cat, with claw marks deep into the muscle of the chest". He measured the marks against specimens in the National Museum of Scotland.

"I have to say it was a surprise to me. Usually it's foxes, but in this case the evidence very strongly indicated it was a European lynx, or something very like it." In this light, he said, the Insch incident was decidedly "interesting".

"I think there are sufficient reports that people should have a question mark as to whether these animals are around. There's no particular reason why they shouldn't be but it would be nice to have some concrete evidence such as a dead or decomposing body. They can't just have disappeared into the ether."

Crosby concedes that "until we have absolute proof it will always be down to interpretation". Whatever is out there, Crosby is investing his bonus sightings from last year with trigger cameras and night-vision glasses, all the better to find it.

"I believe somebody's going to get it," he said. "It might not be me, but I don't care. I just want to establish what's out there and get it protected."

Moore too wants it caught, but not harmed. "There are children around here," she said. "I'm just desperate for something to be done about this."

WEIGHING UP THE EVIDENCE

The clues: Sheer volume of sightings and paw prints; introduction of Wild Animals Act 1976, after which it is known that some owners released big cats previously kept as pets.

Additional factors: Existence of Kellas cat, "menacing" black hybrid of wildcat and feral cat which can grow to the size of a labrador; both Kellas and wildcats are extremely elusive animals - so why not a big cat?

Inconsistencies: Farmers and walkers hear howls of big cats when they are on heat, but surely a big cat carcass would have turned up by now; many suspicious sheep killings turn out to have been the work of dogs or foxes.



Bristol Evening Post
April 16, 2001
Did you let your panther loose?

AN APPEAL is being launched to find out precisely how many big cats there are roaming our countryside.

Operation Big Cat, run by Mr Bob Engledow and his wife Lyn, is trying to contact people who owned big cats as pets in the Seventies, when it was still legal. Legislation brought in in 1976 banned the keeping of the animals as pets without a special, expensive licence. It also gave the local authorities the power to "destroy or otherwise dispose" of unlicensed animals.

Mr Engledow is convinced that rather than destroy their pets, many owners would just have released them into the wild - which was perfectly legal at the time.

Vets and other experts have confirmed scores of domestic cattle deaths as being the result of big cat attacks.

Anyone who let their pet jaguar, lynx, panther or any other similar animal into the wild in the 1970s should get in contact with Operation Big Cat, either at operationbigcat@supanet. com or by telephoning (01603) 406 866.

All information will be treated in the strictest confidence.



The Mirror

January 29, 2001, Monday

DON'T STALK RAMPAGING KILLER CATS; EXPERT'S WARNING TO BOUNTY HUNTERS

BY: Mike Lewis

ARMED bounty hunters are prowling the countryside looking to kill the big cats preying on Welsh livestock, it was claimed last night.

And an expert warned they were "playing with fire" by trying to bag the predators. University professor Alayne Perrott said: "The last thing we want is a wounded puma on the loose. It could turn on an adult or child. Pumas are generally harmless to man, but an animal which has been hunted and shot is a different proposition.

"It's time the government realised big cats are living - and probably breeding - in the British countryside.

"I know bounties for dead cats have been offered and hunters are active in west Wales."

Mother-of-one Alayne, 50, who teaches geography at Swansea University, became interested in big cats after husband Alan spotted one near their farm at Nantgaredig, near Carmarthen, four years ago.

But curiosity turned to horror when their horse was attacked and its foal killed.

"The mare had a huge bite on her neck," said Alayne.

"Our vet was aghast and after studying photos, zookeepers said the wound was caused by a big cat attack."

Alayne is going to Idaho in the United States to learn how to track and collar mountain lions

"I'm doing this for my own reassurance," she said.

"It won't be long before we start seeing these types of animals all over Britain.

"The Dangerous Wild Animals Act of 1976 saw a lot of pet pumas turned loose into the wild and now they are breeding."

Last August, an 11-year-old boy cheated death after being mauled by a wild panther in Trellech, south Wales.

Joshua Hopkins was attacked yards from his home. He was clawed in the face and bitten on the head by the 5ft-long beast.



Associated Press
March 22, 1992, Sunday, AM cycle
11-Year-Old Girl Attacked by Lion-Tiger Hybrid

A lion-tiger hybrid mauled an 11-year-old girl who put her hand inside the 400-pound cat's cage on Sunday, stubbornly locking its jaws on her arm until its owner shot it dead.

Katie Leamy of Corbett underwent surgery to repair extensive muscle damage and was expected to regain full use of her arm and hand. She tried to pet the cat during a morning visit with her parents, Pat and Becky, to family friend Ed Winebarger, who kept the hybrid known as a liger in a large cage.

"Katie reached in to pet the cat and the cat grabbed her arm just like a small dog grabs a rope," Mrs. Leamy said. "It was pulling and she was pulling and screaming."

The girl's father reached in but was unable to free her, so Winebarger shot the cat once in the head, killing it instantly.

Leamy said he wasn't worried when his daughter put her hand in the cage because Winebarger also was petting the cat, which had appeared docile in the past.

The liger was described as mostly light brown, with tigerlike stripes on its back and down its legs.

Doug Carpenter, a Multnomah County animal control officer, said Winebarger lacks a permit to hold exotic animals.

Corbett is about 20 miles east of Portland.

Monday, January 01, 2001

2001-2002 Big Cat Attacks

The Houston Chronicle
July 27, 2002, Saturday 3 STAR EDITION



A TASTE FOR THE EXOTIC;
Climate, plentiful land make state a hotbed for rare, dangerous pets

BY: RACHEL GRAVES

John Stromsky spends his days feeding and cleaning up after seven tigers, two mountain lions and a black panther. Between the 10 of them, the animals eat 70 pounds a day of "salvage meat" - free leftovers that meat companies give Stromsky by the truckload.

"It's not a glamorous job. You figure seven pounds of meat a day. What does that equate to in leftovers?" Stromsky said, in a delicate reference to his cleanup chores. Stromsky's animals include the Bengal tiger he took in after it tore the arm off a 4-year-old boy in Channelview two years ago. He also cares for other animals whose owners could no longer keep them.

The cats live in an elaborate set of cages behind Stromsky's home in northeast Harris County. The cages are the best-tended part of his property, which is overrun with cars needing repairs and house cats that boldly swipe food from the tigers' cages.

Stromsky does not recommend keeping exotic pets, nor does the only other exotic cat owner in Harris County who would consent to an interview. Animal experts are vehemently opposed to the practice.

Although no one knows how many exotic animals are held in captivity, officials estimate there are 5,000 tigers held in the United States, 2,000 of which are in Texas. By comparison, there are about 3,500 tigers in the wild worldwide. Texas is a hotbed for exotic pets, experts say, because of its warm climate, plentiful land and Wild West mentality.

Authorities find out about dangerous pets when neighbors complain, the animals escape or when someone is injured.

It is legal to sell exotic animals, and breeders are not required to keep records of the sales. Although there are no federal laws regarding exotic pets, the Humane Society of the United States is urging Congress to pass a law banning interstate shipments of lions, tigers and bears for the pet trade.

Dangerous exotic animals are banned in Houston but are allowed in Harris County with a permit. Only four people in the county have or are seeking such permits, and four others have been forced to give up their dangerous pets after the county started regulating them in 2000.

Based on incidents in the past several years and the number of local breeders, authorities are sure there are many more of the animals in the Houston area.

The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals found a starving 1-year-old lion in a horse trailer in northeast Harris County last week and seized it. Earlier this year, an 8-year-old girl peeked through a fence in a Houston neighborhood and saw a 500-pound Bengal tiger roaming next door. A black panther believed to be an escaped pet jumped into a back yard in Richmond last year and killed a pet schnauzer, and a 3-year-old boy was killed by his father's tiger in Lexington last year.

In five years with the Houston SPCA, chief cruelty investigator Jim Boller said he has taken in 59 exotic cats, a half dozen primates, countless wolves and wolf hybrids and three brown bears that a family of illegal immigrants smuggled from Russia to use in their circus act.

"(The people) were deported. We kept the bears," Boller said. The bears now live in a wildlife sanctuary in San Antonio.

Those who keep exotic animals are generally a taciturn bunch, reluctant to talk about the animals because of trouble with neighbors and the authorities.

Boller describes them as cutting across socioeconomic, age and gender lines but sharing a common characteristic of inflated egos.

"It's the same type of people who want the bigger, badder, nastier dog," he said. "(They think) if a Rottweiler will guard my house well, a tiger would be 10 times better."

Richard Farinato, the director of captive wildlife protection for the Humane Society of the United States, said Texans started breeding such exotic "hoof stock" as zebras, giraffes and antelopes in the 1950s, then moved on to dangerous cats and other exotic animals.

He attributed Texans' passion for the animals partly to a "Wild West mentality . . . They want something macho. They want something novel. They want something that will scare people, get attention."

Farinato said those who get into trouble with their exotic pets tend to be "the kinds of folks who live in a trailer or a double-wide with a cat in the back."

Big cats and poisonous snakes also are sometimes used to guard drugs.

Lion and tiger owner Suzette Stidom of Harris County said many who want to buy exotic cats cannot afford to feed them. She spends $ 12 a day on chicken parts for her two animals.

"They eat before I eat," she said. "You don't want a couple hungry cats in the back yard."

Stidom said she first got a lion 15 years ago, when she was "a kid" impressed by the novelty. She now owns a female lion and a male tiger that she keeps caged together in her back yard.

The two animals are affectionate with each other, and Stidom said they might mate, creating a "liger." Such crossbreeding is common enough that "liger" has become an accepted term, Farinato said.

"These folks are out there doing all kinds of strange things because, God bless America, it's a free country," said Farinato, who opposes keeping dangerous exotic animals as pets.

Although Boller accuses Stidom of selling exotic cats from her S&S Exotic Animals pet store, Stidom says she doesn't do so because most people cannot care for the animals.

"They end up in the wrong hands nine times out of 10," Stidom said. "You buy this little-bitty cat you think is cute. The thing grows up. Five hundred pounds later . . . "

Instead, Stidom says she sells smaller animals such as monkeys, birds and sugar gliders, a tiny Australian marsupial.

Stromsky and Stidom keep their animals in cages, but Stromsky raised a mountain lion in his house with his three children, and Stidom kept her first lion in the living room while it was growing up.

Both pet and play with their animals.

"I can get in there and play with them, do whatever I want with them," Stidom said. "They're just big babies."

Stromsky even puts his hands in the mouth of Lory, the mountain lion he raised in his house. He said he has helped her give birth twice, putting his hands inside her to manipulate the babies.

"Ain't no veterinarian going to do that," he said.

Animal experts say those who believe they can turn several hundred pounds of wild animal into a docile pet are kidding themselves.

"Those are people with a death wish," Farinato said. "There is no way that that animal is safe."
Akron Beacon Journal


July 24, 2002 Wednesday
Weapons allowed for checks on farm;
Lions, tigers are there; officials inspect conditions

BY: Phil Trexler Beacon Journal staff writer

County officials won the right to bear arms during future inspections of a Copley Township exotic animal farm Tuesday.

The order came despite objections from the animal farm's owner that the measure is unnecessary.

Summit County Common Pleas Judge Patricia Cosgrove also gave tentative approval to a waste management plan devised by the owner of the L & L Exotic Farm, who is accused of allowing his 60 lions, tigers and other animals to live in unclean conditions. The plan, however, was met with some skepticism by health officials who worry that owner Lorenza Pearson's idea to better maintain his farm may not work.

Cosgrove set a hearing Aug. 26 to update the waste plan.

In the meantime, Cosgrove's order allows health officials and Copley zoning inspectors to visit Pearson's farm unannounced anytime between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m.

And over the objections of Pearson's attorney, William Whitaker, an armed Copley police officer will be permitted to accompany inspectors to provide protection against possible attacks by the dozens of lions, tigers, alligators and bears housed at the farm.

Cosgrove delayed a decision on whether to order rabies vaccinations for Pearson's large felines. Whitaker argued that veterinarians have found the inoculations are useless on larger cats.

Anita Davis, an assistant Summit County prosecutor, and health official Bob Hasenyager told Cosgrove that zoos in Akron and Cleveland routinely inoculate their large cats.

The health department has cited the farm as a public health nuisance. In addition, the U.S Department of Agriculture filed 47 charges concerning unclean and unsafe living conditions for the farm's dozens of animals.

Pearson has denied allegations of animal mistreatment.

After the hearing, Hasenyager said a visit to the farm on Monday showed that the cages appeared to be better maintained.

But he expressed some concerns with the waste removal plan.

"I'm pleased with some of the progress," he said. "But there's still no way to collect the liquid waste."

Solid waste removal is occurring six days a week at the exotic pet farm, and Pearson is in the process of constructing a drainage system to carry liquid waste to a holding tank or septic system.

Hasenyager said he is concerned that the design in cages and a butcher shed, used to slaughter animals that are fed to the larger pets, do not include proper grades that would allow liquids to flow into the drainage system.

Pearson, 54, started the exotic animal farm on rural Columbus Avenue 23 years ago. In 1983, Pearson's 2-year-old son was mauled to death by a Bengal tiger. Five years ago, Pearson's 2-year-old grandson was mauled by another animal.

Pearson declined to comment after the hearing.

Phil Trexler can be reached at 330-996-3717 or ptrexler@thebeaconjournal.com Akron Beacon Journal
June 26, 2002 Wednesday 4X EDITION

Copley animal refuge targeted; Health Department, USDA cite conditions
BY: Carol Biliczky Beacon Journal staff writer

A keeper of exotic animals faces a sea of local and federal complaints on the care and keeping of his lions, tigers and bears.

Lorenza Pearson's L&L Exotic Animal Farm has been cited as a public health nuisance by the Summit County Health Department.

And the U.S. Department of Agriculture has filed 47 charges about unclean, unsafe quarters for the animals.

Pearson, 54, refers all questions to attorney William Whitaker, who disputed all the charges. Whitaker said the animals are well cared for and his client is trying to make improvements.

"He's saved most of these animals from being put to death, from circuses, from people who had them and decided they didn't want them," Whitaker said.

The allegations about unsafe, dirty conditions are "simply not true" he said.

But Health Department spokesman Bob Hasenyager said the concerns are real -- that the animals could spread disease or escape and harm nearby residents.

"I believe he thinks he's doing a good thing for the animals. But he's in over his head," Hasenyager said.

According to Pearson's Web site, he started the exotic animal farm on rural Columbus Avenue 23 years ago.

Now, officials say, the site is home to 60 lions, tigers, leopards, black bears and other animals that live in cages behind Pearson's home or in some cases have lived in his home.

Over the years, the refuge has been in the news -- in 1983, when Pearson's 2-year-old son was mauled to death by a Bengal tiger that lived in the Pearson home; and five years ago, when Pearson's 2-year-old grandson was mauled by another animal.

When Township Police Chief Michael Mier organized a community meeting last year, he found that Pearson's neighbors had been complaining among themselves for years about the odors, noises and the occasional wild animal that would wander off -- one neighbor found Pearson's alligator in his back yard, for instance.

None had filed police reports in recent years, Mier said. Still Mier organized an inspection by township, county and federal officials last fall. He said they were appalled by what they found -- animal skeletons strewn about the property and a pool of blood in the shed that Pearson used to butcher horses and cows for his menagerie -- an operation that Whitaker, Pearson's attorney, said his client since has stopped.

Hasenyager said the animal waste dumped in trash receptacles wasn't cleared often enough, there was no good way to clear urine from the cages and Pearson has provided no evidence that the animals have been vaccinated.

This spring, the county Health Department also learned that three children -- ages 4 months, 11 and 13 -- lived in the Pearson home, a small frame building with a boarded-up window and roof that appears to be falling down.

The Summit County Children Services Board took the children from the home and placed them with a relative, CSB spokeswoman Louise Miller said.

Whitaker, Pearson's attorney, said the Health Department is using the children as a club to force Pearson to comply with its orders. He said his client is anxious to get his children back.

But matters have only gotten worse for Pearson since the children were removed.

On June 13, the health board declared Pearson's property a public health nuisance and gave him 10 days to clean it up or face court action. Pearson since has filed an appeal and a hearing is pending.

On June 16, the U.S. Department of Agriculture filed 47 administrative charges against Pearson for violations of the Animal Welfare Act.

The USDA had a litany of complaints -- that some cages weren't big enough for the animal to move around, were dirty, weren't structurally sound and that animals weren't provided with wholesome and uncontaminated food and water, among others.

The USDA oversees Pearson's farm because he uses the animals for exhibition purposes and takes them to schools, clubs and the like, USDA spokesman Jim Rogers said.

In the last three years, USDA inspectors have come to the Copley Township farm 15 times -- seven times in 2001 alone, an unusually high number of visits, given that the agency works on a merit basis, Rogers said.

He said USDA inspectors visit problem properties more often than compliant ones to ensure that concerns get fixed.

If the USDA finds Pearson guilty, it could fine him $2,750 per count per animal per day and revoke his license for exotic animals. If the Health Department finds him guilty, he also may have to get rid of them.

None of the animals could be reintroduced into the wild because they couldn't fend for themselves, Hasenyager said.

Pearson seems to acknowledge some of the problems in his Web site.

It says that the farm is not open to the public "because we are doing all we can just to keep up with the incoming (flow of animals) and have not had the opportunity to perfect the grounds for easy accessibility and visual pleasant appearances."

Carol Biliczky can be reached at 330-996-3729 or cbiliczky@thebeaconjournal.com



The Times (London)
March 6, 2002, Wednesday

Berlin: Children saw a 21-year-old female keeper mauled to death by three South American jaguars in a cage at Schonbrunn Palace Zoo, in Vienna. Kelmut Pechlaner, director of the 250-year-old zoo, was badly mauled on the arm when he tried to save her.



St. Petersburg Times
August 21, 2001, Tuesday
Exotic animal ranch cited for two cages

BY: SAUNDRA AMRHEIN

The owner of an exotic animal ranch where a Hernando County man was mauled to death by a tiger last month has been cited by the state for the condition of two cages that were either too small or held weak wiring.

However, the violations found at Savage Kingdom in Sumter County were unrelated to the July death of Vince Lowe, killed when a Siberian tiger crashed through a hole in the fence between his cage and the adjacent one being repaired by Lowe. The tiger attacked Lowe's neck and killed him as the longtime cat lover and park volunteer raced to cover the hole. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission officials inspected the park on Aug. 1, the day after Lowe's death. Though they did not find any violations related to Lowe's case, the visit resulted in two citations Friday related to problems found with another tiger cage and a cougar cage out of about 20 cages checked.

The tiger cage was determined to be too small for the animal, while wiring on the roof of a cougar cage was deemed too thin and weak.

"The wire could definitely be construed as a safety issue," said Lt. Rick Brown, wildlife inspector for the commission. The inspection also revealed rotting timbers and rusting wire.

The citations, issued Friday against owner Robert Baudy, 77, amount to second-degree misdemeanors, each punishable by up to a $ 500 fine and 60 days in jail, Brown said. A court date in Sumter County Court has not been set for the park, which houses tigers, cougars, leopards and bobcats.

Baudy could not be reached for comment Monday.

Brown said his agency did not cite Baudy in Lowe's death, concluding that the accident was due to "keeper error," because Lowe could have placed the tiger into a safer cage while he repaired the others.

"In that particular incident, there were four lockdown (cages)," he said. "Number four was in better condition and could have more properly contained that tiger. But for whatever reason, Mr. Lowe elected to use lockdown number three."

Lowe and his assistant were working in neighboring cage number two.

But Lowe's assistant, Lesa Lucas, who worked with Lowe that day and witnessed his death, said Monday that there were good reasons not to put the tiger in the fourth, most remote cage. She said Baudy told her and Lowe that the fourth cage was shut down because there were too many repairs to be made.

The two were replacing doors used by tigers to pass from their cages to an exercise area.

Those doors were nailed shut in the fourth cage. But the state says the door between cages three and four worked. But Lucas said she and Lowe were following Baudy's orders.

"We were to leave four shut down," she said. "That means you don't want a cat in there. You don't shut down your best cage."

Far from being in better condition than the third cage, the fourth one had wooden planks sticking out of the floor, she said.

"I don't give a damn if they shut (Baudy) down or not," she said. But she quickly added, "I don't want them to shut him down, but I want the truth told and I want Robert to bring those cages up to (code)."



Copyright 2001 Times Publishing Company
St. Petersburg Times

August 07, 2001, Tuesday, 0 South Pinellas Edition
Deadly attack haunts tiger owner
JAMIE MALERNEE

Robert Baudy, owner of the Savage Kingdom exotic animal ranch, ran to the tiger pen after hearing an assistant scream. Shotgun in hand, he didn't think twice about using it.

"It was my duty," said Baudy, who has worked with dangerous felines for decades. "The animal was in a fury. Its eyes were pure gold and the hair on his neck was standing straight up. That's a sign that a cat is out to kill." Baudy says he will be haunted the rest of his life by the image of his dying friend, Vince Lowe, who was mauled to death last week at the Sumter County ranch.

If only, Baudy told the Times Monday, Lowe had listened to his advice while fixing the cage that held the 500-pound Siberian tiger, Tie.

"I felt terrible. I lost two friends that day: Vince and the tiger," said Baudy, 77. "But he did not follow my instructions. I said to isolate the cat, and move it to the end cage. They did not do that."

Instead, Lowe and his assistant moved the tiger to a middle cage, one of at least four inside the wooden tiger pen they were repairing. The tiger saw a hole in the cage just as Lowe, 49, rushed to cover it. The beast tore his way out of the cage and grabbed Lowe by the neck.

The assistant who witnessed the attack, Lesa Lucas of Ridge Manor, says the pair had tried to move Tie to the end cage but the cage doors were nailed closed.

Lucas has said that was just one of several things wrong with Savage Kingdom, which she calls unsafe.

Just before the attack, she says federal inspectors found 17 things wrong with the 40-acre property. In fact, she says that is why she and Lowe were there that day: to fix the problems before the U.S. Department of Agriculture returned.

But Baudy and USDA documents don't support Lucas' account.

Baudy acknowledges that his compound is aging, but he says the doors to the furthest cage were never nailed down.

"If they couldn't open it, then how did the (inspectors) open it right up?" he asked. "I've about 20 inspectors out here. It was like the Spanish Inquisition."

State inspectors said they found no violations at Savage Kingdom that contributed to the mauling. But state regulations do not address internal cages. Federal officials are still conducting an inquiry and have not released their findings.

A federal inspection report from six days before the attack, however, shows only minor problems were found at the breeding facility. They included cobwebs and feces in the cages and the lack of a property pest control plan.

This is the same report Lucas said contained a litany of violations. When asked about the discrepancy between her version of the report and the one released to the St. Petersburg Times, Lucas stuck by her story but declined further comment on the advice of her attorney.

Baudy says he is saddened by Lowe's death, but not necessarily surprised. He said that although Lowe was a good man and a hard worker, he could be cocky when dealing with large felines.

At the time of the attack, Lowe had been working at Savage Kingdom to earn a certification that would allow him to handle the most dangerous of animals, such as tigers, gorillas and elephants.

He was already licensed to own smaller cats, and he often mentioned how he wrestled with them and allowed his favorite Florida cougar, Fubar, to nap with him on his couch. Scuffles with Fubar over the years had broken his nose, torn his lip and nearly forced the amputation of his arm.

"He used to brag about the scars he had from his own cats. He told me, "You have sissies working around here. You need a real man,' " Baudy recalled. "I said, "They may be sissies, but they have all their fingers.' "

After a pause, Baudy continued:

"The worst kind of help are people who think they know something just because they have a few cats of their own. It's better to have people who don't know anything . . . other than fear."



Associated Press
August 2, 2001; Thursday
Volunteer Praised in Tiger Incident

A volunteer at an exotic animal park pushed a co-worker to safety before he was mauled to death by a tiger.

Vincent Lowe, 49, and Lisa Lucas were repairing a cage next to a 550-pound mixed-breed Siberian tiger, named ''Ti,'' when it broke through a section of weakened fence at Savage Kingdom. ''The cat just pushed through the chain and grabbed Vince's neck and threw him,'' Lucus said.

An autopsy found Lowe suffered a broken neck with severe gash wounds and broken ribs.

Robert Baudy, owner of the animal park, shot the tiger after the attack.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture had ordered the doors be replaced on five holding pens, and the tiger became restless as Lowe and Lucas made the repairs.

Lowe rapped the cage with a crowbar to settle the tiger, allowing a few boards to fall away and open a hole, Lucas said.



The Associated Press State & Local Wire

July 25, 2002, Thursday, BC cycle
Lexington County neighbors worry about lions

Several people in Lexington County are calling for a law against exotic animals after two lions got out of their pens.

No one was hurt when the lions escaped a few weeks ago, but neighbors like Spencer Saylor say they will protect themselves the next time. "I would defend myself with a shotgun," he said.

The owner of the lions, Abbie and Charles Cochran, pleaded no contest Thursday to animal control violations and were fined about $465. They also agreed to find the cats a new home.

The couple admitted they left the lions' pen unlocked and the cats were able to escape.

Neither Lexington County nor the state has ordinances regarding exotic animals. County Animal Services Director Joe Mergo is researching exotic animal laws elsewhere and will present County Council with his findings in the next few weeks.

A bill banning exotic animals failed to make it out of the Legislature this year. Rep. J. Adam Taylor, R-Laurens, said he will modify his proposal to require owners of the animals to get permits.



Copyright 2002 The State
All Rights Reserved
The State (Columbia, SC)

July 26, 2002 Friday FINAL EDITION

Woman fined for letting lions loose; Couple say they plan to relocate lions away from worried neighbors
APRIL SIMUN Staff Writer

A Lexington County woman was fined $465 in court Thursday for allowing her two lions to get loose from their pen in the Sandy Run community.

Abbie Cochran and her husband, Charles Cochran, said that because they've gotten so much attention, they're seeking to find a new home for the lions within about a month.

They didn't say where that new home would be. And they didn't mention the two cougars, two bobcats and African wildcat called a serval that county authorities also found at their home. Neither the county nor the state has laws that prohibit residents from keeping lions or other exotic pets. But there are rules requiring pets to be restrained.

County animal services director Joe Mergo told Judge W.G. Shockley that the 11/2-year-old female lions were loose for about 45 minutes the morning of June 30. The Cochrans pled "no contest," a plea that's treated as a guilty plea but with which defendants don't admit guilt.

Shockley said he'd set a fine of $232.50 for each lion instead of the maximum $1,062 and 30 days in jail for each lion because he wanted the balance to go toward securing the lions' pen.

"If those animals get out again, I'm going to get real excited, if you follow what I mean," he said.

Many of the Cochrans' neighbors already are excited.

Bobby Lucas, who owns land nearby, said he drove up one day and saw the lions free.

"I thought it was two big dogs," he said. "But it turned out to be two lions."

Lucas said he worries for the safety of his two great-grandchildren.

"It's too late when they've done killed a child," he said.

Charles Cochran told the judge that the lions escaped to land owned by neighbor Betty Jean Hill. Hill wasn't allowed to speak in court but said afterward that she doesn't mind the lions.

"I have no problems with them on my property," she said. "The cats have not harmed anybody. This thing just got blown out of proportion."

Mergo said lions must be restrained, even if other landowners permit the lions on their property.

The fine is in line with penalties for loose dogs and other pets, he said. Mergo plans to present County Council in September with options for regulating exotic pets in the county.

The Cochrans declined to comment outside of court.

Reach Simun at (803) 771-8435 or asimun@thestate.com.



Copyright 2002 Nationwide News Pty Limited
The Gold Coast Bulletin

March 7, 2002, Thursday

BIG CAT HORROR; Jaguars kill young zookeeper

A 21-year-old zookeeper was killed by three jaguars at Vienna's Schoenbrunn Zoo yesterday as horrified visitors looked on helplessly. The young woman was preparing the animals' feed when they attacked. During that time, the jaguars are normally locked away from the keepers.

Deputy zoo director Gerhard Kasbauer said it was not clear how they entered their main compound.

The dead zookeeper was experienced with dangerous animals. She had worked at Schoenbrunn for six years and for three years with the big cats.



Copyright 2002 Financial Times Information
All rights reserved
Global News Wire
Copyright 2002 New Zealand Press Association
New Zealand Press Association

March 7, 2002
ZOOKEEPER KILLED BY JAGUARS

Vienna, March 6 DPA - A mistake by a 21-year-old woman zookeeper cost her life in an attack by three jaguars, investigators said today.

The young woman preparing food for the animals at Vienna's Schoenbrunn Zoo yesterday apparently did not notice that a trapdoor had been left open. Zoologist Harald Schwammer said at a news conference that for unknown reasons she entered the cage for a second time.

The three jaguars came through the trapdoor from another compound, attacked and killed her instantly, said Schwammer.

Zoo director Helmut Pechlaner and his assistant Peter Linkhart rushed in a courageous attempt to save her, but were too late.

Pechlaner was injured in his rescue attempt when one of the big cats struck out, hitting his left hand.

Surgeons at Vienna General Hospital operated on the mauled hand for more than three hours.

A medical bulletin today said his condition was good under the circumstances, but he had suffered serious injuries to nerves and blood vessels. There was still danger of infection.

Yesterday afternoon, the jaguars killed the young woman as horrified zoo visitors looked on helplessly, separated by a glass panel just a few metres away.

Many fled in terror that the animals were going to escape altogether. Rescue officials called psychologists to the scene to treat several witnesses for severe shock.

Despite her youth, the dead zookeeper had been experienced with dangerous animals.

She had worked at Schoenbrunn for six years. For the past three she had been responsible for all the big cats, and had looked after lions, cheetahs and tigers as well as the three jaguars.

Zoo officials said the jaguars would be kept on despite the fatal attack.

2001 Big Cat Attacks

The Times-Picayune (New Orleans)
December 20, 2001 Thursday

Owning wild animals usually a bad idea

By Bert Smith

Texas recently joined most other states in banning certain wild animals such as lions, tigers and bears as pets.

The legislature acted after three incidents in 1999 in which people were severely mauled by big cats, and a pet tiger killed a 10-year-old girl in San Antonio. Several cities, such as Dallas and Arlington, already prohibited certain wild animals as pets, but the new state law gives those local ordinances more teeth. More counties in Texas are now expected to pass their own laws prohibiting wild animals as pets. Here in Jefferson Parish, the law regulating wild and exotic animals as pets has been on the books for years. It defines a wild animal as any species that is wild by nature and incapable of being completely domesticated. An exotic animal is one that is not indigenous to southeast Louisiana.

The law exists to protect the animals. Caging a wild animal, especially in a backyard pen, is an act of cruelty. The law also protects people from being mauled or killed by wild animals, as in the recent cases in Texas, and it protects neighbors from the nuisance of living near a wild animal enclosure.

The law in Jefferson Parish divides wild and exotic animals into three groups. In the first group are animals that are not allowed under any circumstances. They include chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, leopards, tigers, lions, bears, anacondas, all poisonous snakes, and many other kinds of wild and exotic animals. Also strictly prohibited are wolf/dog hybrids. They, too, have been responsible for a number of maulings and deaths of people, usually children.

In the next group are animals that are prohibited unless a prospective owner is granted and pays for a special permit from the parish. Because the law considers these animals a "real or potential threat to human safety," a permit can be extremely difficult to obtain. This group includes monkeys, wolves, wild cats, alligators, coyotes, ostriches and many other animals.

For all animals not in the first two categories, an owner must obtain a no-cost permit from the parish animal shelter. There are some animals exempt from the permit requirements altogether, including gerbils, ferrets, pet mice and pet birds, such as cockatiels, parrots, finches and canaries.

There are also federal and state laws that prohibit or regulate the ownership of wild animals, and owning an endangered animal is against the law, period. For the good of the animals and for the good of the community, it is best to let wild animals stay wild and free.



The Sun
October 13, 2001

GRANDAD'S TIGER KILLS MATTHEW, 3

A THREE-year-old boy was killed when his grandad's pet tiger ran wild. Matthew Scott was posing for a photo with the 18-stone cat on the porch when it clamped its jaws round his foot and dragged him off.

The animal raced towards its cage, flailing Matthew's head against a gate and tree as it ran.

Grandad Kerry Quinney finally beat the cat into freeing Matthew as horrified mum Charlotte watched. He was airlifted to hospital in nearby Austin, Texas, but died of his head injuries.

He is the third Texan child in two years to be mauled by a pet tiger.

Quinney has two other tigers - but all his permits for keeping wild animals have expired.



The Plain Dealer
March 28, 2001 Wednesday

When it's best to leave an animal in the wild

BY: SUZANNE HIVELY, PLAIN DEALER REPORTER

Baby animals may be cute and cuddly, but exotic and wild species don't make good pets. And confinement is usually not in the best interest of the animal.

In 1983, a 250-pound, 16-month-old pet tiger chased a 2-year-old boy through the family's home and fatally mauled him. The boy's father was indicted by a grand jury but later cleared of wrongdoing because, at that time, no law prohibited keeping exotic animals in that county. The tiger, Solomon, which had been raised as a pet since it was 3 months old, was destroyed.

That boy was Jason Studebaker. His father is Lorenza Pearson of Copley Township, the man from whom Jim Burnette of Olmsted Township acquired another tiger, this one named Tigger.

Tigger mauled and nearly killed a volunteer worker on Burnette's farm last week. Now the 3-year-old tiger will spend his days at a big-cat refuge in Indiana.

In Ohio, a person is not required to have a permit to keep exotic animals unless they are to be on public display or used in a breeding program.

A state law does require a permit for keeping native wild animals, such as black bears, raccoons, skunks and opossums. But no law in Ohio specifies cage size or strength, other requirements for the animals' maintenance, recommended vet care or nutritional needs.

In Burnette's case, Tigger's care was monitored - by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Burnette is considered an exhibitor of animals under the Animal Welfare Act. He also has a black bear, which requires a permit from the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

But spokesmen for the zoo and the Ohio Department of Natural Resources agree that laws concerning the care of wild and exotic animals need to be strengthened.

"Wild animals don't make good pets, whether indigenous or not," said James Petrasek, a legal spokesman for the Ohio Department of Natural Resources. "When the animals reach sexual maturity, they may be difficult to handle. Most people don't realize how strong they are."

And they are expensive to feed. A male tiger weighing 500 pounds will eat 10 or more pounds of meat a day. The animals also need space to run and exercise.

Bill Beagle, another spokesman for the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, recalled a black bear that was kept in an abandoned car. Petrasek, who cited instances in which wild animals are being adequately maintained, knew of a black bear that was chained to a corncrib. Joel Porath, assistant wildlife supervisor for the department, remembered a case last year in which a bear was chained to a tree. It escaped three times in one year.

Some exotic animals are exploited in public exhibitions. They wrestle with humans or pose for pictures with people.

And a lot of wild and exotic animals have been shuffled from person to person because they have become problems, said Alan Sironen, curator of mammals at the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo.

"Animals are intelligent," he said. "They need animals of their kind and attention. Most people just want one, and that is a psychological problem for the animal."

Beagle said his office sometimes gets calls about piranhas in the Cuyahoga River. Apparently they were bought as pets, then dumped when the owners tired of them, he said. The piranha is a tropical species that cannot survive Ohio winters outdoors.

Steve Taylor, director of the Cleveland Metroparks Zoo, estimated that about 1,000 "big cats" live in Ohio, and only 20 are in the five accredited zoos in the state.

The District 3 office of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources, which covers Cleveland and Akron, issues 1,500 to 1,800 permits for native wildlife annually. The permits are for bears and bobcats, as well as for raccoons and anything else that is native to the state. The animals may not be taken from the wild but may be purchased from commercial breeders.

Often people think when an exotic animal outgrows its home, the zoo will take it. This is not true, Sironen said.

"We don't have the space, and we don't know the breeding and genetics behind such animals," he said. "Sometimes pets don't adjust well to zoos.

"Owning animals is work, whether it's a cat, dog or something else."

Marty Rosen of the Northern Ohio Society of Herpetologists said too often people buy iguanas, snakes and other reptiles without having a clue as to their nutritional and habitat needs. The reptile can end up suffering.

And an adult reptile such as an iguana can cause harm. Slapping its tail, a 5-foot to 6-foot adult can break a finger.

"There is so much wildlife in Ohio," Petrasek said. "If they go out and take their binoculars, they can see wild animals all the time. They don't have to keep them in cages."

E-mail: shively@plaind.com Phone: 216-999-4554



Copyright 2001 The News and Observer
The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC)

January 26, 2001 Friday, FINAL EDITION


Owners' search for exotic cat continues
MELISSA DRAPER, STAFF WRITER

Where in the world is Nina, Joe and Donna Adrignola's serval cat?

The exotic African feline, missing from the family's Youngsville residence since Aug. 14, was last seen alive Jan. 9, near U.S. 1 and N.C. 96 in Youngsville.

This week, the Adrignolas received a call about an unusual carcass seen Saturday along MC Wilder Road between U.S. 401 and N.C. 39 in Bunn. But they found no carcass when they combed the area.

The couple doesn't know where Nina is or whether she's dead or alive. "It's been kind of frustrating, because we're always a day behind from when she is sighted," Joe said.

Five people have reported seeing Nina prowling around southern Franklin County since August.

The animal has been mistaken for a bobcat, though a serval actually resembles a small cheetah. Nina weighs about 20 pounds, is long and lanky, and has large ears - a standout in an area mostly populated with dogs, deer, domestic cats and cows.

"She's like the Bigfoot of Franklin County," Joe said, "because people have these sightings of something that they didn't know what it was they saw."

Joe Adrignola, 48, a self-employed construction laser repairman, purchased Nina as a 6-month-old cub in September 1999 from a woman at the Carolina Reptile & Exotic Animal Show at the N.C. State Fairgrounds.

With two sons in college and a daughter only a few years from graduating high school, Joe said he knew spending $ 1,800 on the exotic pet was somewhat frivolous. But even his wife could see that it was no use denying him.

"He fell in love with her right away," said Donna, 46.

Nina wasn't an impulse buy, though. Joe had researched serval cats prior to finding her and believed that hers was a species with which he, his family, their four domestic cats and two pugs could live.

"I was always interested in having a larger feline, but not something that I would have to worry about devouring me or anyone else," he explained.

Now Nina is gone, and the Adrignolas don't know if they will ever see their exotic pet again. And even if they do, they shouldn't expect the same animal that left them, said Lorraine Smith, curator of mammals at the N.C. Zoological Park in
Asheboro.

Though servals like Nina have been captive-bred in the United States for about two decades, "20 years is not sufficient to domesticate a breed or species," Smith said. "It is something that happens over hundreds of generations."

'You can't train that':

Nina would still follow her natural instincts when she reached maturity at about 18 months old, Smith explained.

"We tell people all of the time that you cannot hand rear or make a pet out of a wild cat species and expect that cat not to react instinctively," Smith said. "She was still going to mature into a wild animal. You can't train that or take that away."

Smith noted an example of this at the zoo: a pair of cougars that came into the facility as pet rescues. They were hand-raised by zoo employees, who fed them, played with them and bonded with them like their natural parents would.

But the mature cougars now prey on birds and animals that get inside their habitat. And like most big cats, they quite obviously stalk small children through their glass enclosure.

Smith said she has seen an increasing number of counties outlaw wild animals, something she thinks needs to be regulated at the state level. That would prevent people from simply
relocating exotic pets that are illegal in one county to an adjoining county where they are allowed.

Wake County implemented laws forbidding "inherently dangerous mammals" - described as bears, wolves or wolf hybrids, and undomesticated cats weighing more than 15 pounds - after a pet tiger mauled a 3-year-old boy in 1995 in Apex.

Currently, Franklin County does not outlaw any type of exotic animals, nor does it require owners of such animals to hold permits. County ordinances state that exotic animals must be in humane, approved enclosures unless they are being transported to
a veterinarian to be sold or to be destroyed. The animals also must be muzzled and leashed when outside of their enclosures.

Though smaller municipalities are able to enact their own animal control laws, Youngsville Police Chief Larry Pritchett said his town has no special laws or license requirements.

"There may need to be," he said. "It may be something we need to look at."

If Nina is still alive, she isn't considered a danger to the public, said Delton Nelms, a Franklin County animal control officer.

Anyone who sees Nina should not try to capture her, though, Joe said. If cornered, she could become defensive.

Nelms suggested that anyone who spots the feline call his office at 496-3032.

A wary beginning:

Donna admitted that she was scared when her husband first brought the feline home.
"I was afraid she would hurt our kids or our animals," she said. "But I think she feared us more."

They were pleased to see Nina bond with Sammy, a domestic cat one month younger than her and three times smaller. The two would ambush and chase each other around the house, playing like ordinary kittens.

"We always joked that Sammy was her favorite toy," Joe said. In fact, Nina had lots of toys, and she particularly enjoyed playing fetch.

Once every day, Nina would erupt in a furry flurry and race around the house, launching herself off furniture only to land gracefully a dozen feet away. Any visitors who were present for these displays were awestruck, Joe said. "[Nina] is kind of like a domestic cat with the game turned up."

She also had a penchant for chewing up styrofoam and liked to swim in the pond on the couple's five-acre lot.

Joe would spend hours outside with her haltered at the end of a leash. Sometimes she would chase butterflies; other times she would just lie in the grass and take in the scenery.

The Adrignolas said that although they have received a lot of support from the community about finding Nina, they have also met with people who do not agree with their choice to keep such an animal confined in a residential setting.

During a visit to a pet store, accompanied by Nina, Donna overheard a girl comment that she didn't think the cat should be paraded around and that having wild animals as pets is wrong.
"I said, 'Honey, that's not so. The cat has it better than any of us could have it,' " Donna said.

Hearing 'call of the wild': Nina had the run of the house, and the couple felt they
accommodated her as much as possible. They took her on beach trips with them and their dogs in the family travel trailer, and they even shared their bed with the serval.

"I'll never forget one night, ... she was leaning with her head under my neck purring," Joe recalled. "I said to my wife, 'And this is a wild animal?' I was just amazed by her, her
personality. She seemed very content with us."

Still, he could tell that Nina was becoming more interested in the outdoors and was getting what he referred to as "the call of the wild."

About a week after she escaped out a sliding door, Joe followed a lead from someone who had seen her.

He found Nina in a field of tall grass. She was playing cat and mouse, he said, retreating a few yards and looking back to see if he was following.

"I saw her turn and look at me and stop, as if she were making a decision," Joe said, "and she turned and went away I said to my son, 'She doesn't want to come home. She doesn't want to be with us. She wants to be out here.'

"I know I want her home, but does she want to be home?," he continued. "Then I say to myself, 'Who is the more intellectual species here?' She can't be outside."

Though Nina's canine teeth measure a formidable 1 inches each, she was declawed before the Adrignolas got her, seriously compromising her self-survival abilities.

When nobody reported seeing her between the months of October and December, the Adrignolas were beginning to think they might never see her again.

If the most recent sighting of the carcass was, in fact, Nina, and a passerby took the body, the Adrignolas would at least like to know so they can have some closure on the issue. They would prefer to give her a proper burial.

Joe's greatest wish, of course, is for a safe return. And if Nina does come home, he will do his best to make her happy.

"I would be willing to invest in a nice, big enclosure for her if that is what would make her most comfortable," he said. "At this point, I would do anything."

Smith, the curator, said her first recommendation if the family and cat are reunited would be for them to donate her to a sanctuary, where she could live out the rest of her days with other servals under professional supervision.

Wild animals are unpredictable, Smith said. They have a lot of impulses that can't be obliterated by human involvement, regardless of good intentions.

"I understand that [the Adrignolas] really wanted to rescue this serval. They tried to do the right thing," Smith said. "[But] we really need to regulate exotic pets in North Carolina. What if it had been a tiger? People would be much more frightened
and at greater risk.

"I try to remind people we euthanize several million dogs and cats every year. If you really want to rescue an animal, that's a great way to go."